Bake and Roast
Roasting and Baking is probably the most common technique we all use.
Baking and Roasting would seem to be the same thing but there are differences.
Baking is usually done at lower temperatures than roasting
Baked goods are usually cooked at specific temperatures, but roasting is not normally as critical.
- Baking: 190°C (375°F) and Lower
- Roasting: 200°C (392°F) and Higher
However, just to confuse you, there is Hot Baking and Slow Roasting!
If you were a chef, you would use the ingredients to determine the process.
Baking is defined by the incomplete state of the ingredients, in other words, ingredients that have insufficient structure before the cooking, cake, biscuit, cookies, crackers, breads etc, all require baking.
Roasting is for ingredients that already have a structure before cooking, like, meat, potatoes, chicken, and vegetables etc.